Global Development & Research Initiative (GDRI)

Dedicated for Research & Development

Announcement

Training on "How to improve lessons plan"
Total participants will be 280 teachers.

Date: 10th May, 2017 

Location: Chandkhali union Porisodh auditorium, GDRI own office premises, Tala union Porisodh auditorium, union & Dumuriya Porisodh auditorium


Seminar on “Early Childhood Parental Intervention & Parental Invlovement in Bangladesh"   Speaker: Dr.Asadul Islam Associate professor, Monash University, Australia
Venue: CSS Ava center, Khulna


News

"Investing in our Future: The Early Childhood Intervention and Parental Involvement in Bangladesh"  
Date: 21-29 March, 2017.  Teachers attend a six days training program. Each day two sessions was carried out to prepare teachers for teaching children and for home visit.  

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Column/Perspectives

Can microcredit improve food security among the rural poor?
Asad Islam, Chandana Maitra, Debayan Pakrashi and Russell Smyth

Published by: Ideas for India

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Primary and secondary education: What's happening on the ground 

Asad Islam

Published by: The Financial Express

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Read More Colums.......


Technology adoption, System of Rice Intensification and Food Security in rural Bangladesh

SRI is a rice management practice aimed at increasing the yield of rice produced in farming. It has increased rice production in developing countries by up to 80%. Although SRI has been introduced at a small, pilot scale in some locations in Bangladesh, adoption and diffusion rates appear to be low, as appears true in other countries. Given its purported productivity and earnings potential, low uptake of SRI technology seems rather puzzling.

SRI involves transplanting single young seedlings with wider spacing, carefully and quickly into fields that are not kept continuously flooded, and whose soil has more organic manure and is actively aerated. It does not require any new seed variety or additional external inputs. However, it is knowledge intensive and requires more labor for field preparation, water management, weeding and harvesting.

We wanted to find out why Bangladesh farmers had not adopted this process in their farming practices. Because SRI Fields differ visibly from traditional rice fields, social norms and conformity pressures may likewise discourage adaptation and the ultimate adoption decision. We examine whether and how a farmer’s decision to adopt a new technology depends upon the adoption decision of other farmers in his social group. We provided farmers with training in SRI and taught them how to apply techniques to their farms. We also provided incentives to a group of the farmers to see if that would have any impact in the quality of farmers they referred. In one case, we provided a fixed amount of financial incentive to refer a friend, relative or acquaintance to attend training sessions in the same village. In another case, we provided financial incentives to farmers only for referrals who ultimately adopt the SRI.

In collaboration with BRAC, we went into 300 villages and randomly selected 180 villages for training and information about SRI. We trained about 3000 farmers from these villages. This is the first controlled trial of SRI implementation in the world.

When provided with the incentives 50% or 1 in 2 of the referred farmers adopted the SRI techniques as opposed to 1 in 3 farmers when we did not provide any incentives for referral. This showed the incentives matter, but we didn’t need the conditions. Though SRI technique involves some additional labour for managing practices, and hence the cost is higher, we find that profit remains significantly higher than the traditional farming. Profits are as high as 33%. This is despite the less-than-perfect adoption of SRI. The main constraint for adoption appears to be managing irrigation which many farmers could not follow as per SRI technique. The irrigation system, though privately managed, requires collaboration among farmers of nearby plots of land to pump water at the same time.

Scaling up the success: Our lead researcher, Asad Islam, have met with Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture for Bangladesh and working with the government to explore ways adoption and diffusion of SRI can be enhanced across the country. The department of agricultural extension (DAE) has in principle agreed to recommend practices of SRI through its marketing branch and local agricultural officers. We plan to have a national level workshop after the final results are available for which the survey is now ongoing.

The project is funded by International Growth Centre (IGC).